Twerking is a modern type of dancing where it is made by a sexually provocative manner by thrusting hip movements and a low squatting stance. 
This modern dance has started since 2000s and it has been associated with modern hip hop culture in the United States.  
The term of Twerking is of uncertain origin, but it is close to common assumptions include a portmanteau of the words like Twist and Jerk and a contraction of footwork.

History of Twerking

Twerking was entered into hip hop culture by way of the New Orleans bounce music scene in the United States, and the first song introduced Twerking in 1993 by DJ Jubilee “Do the Jubilee All, where he chanted “Twerk baby, Twerk baby, Twerk, Twerk, Twerk. And through this song video Twerking was introduced and increased its popularity. Then in 1995 the song “Twerk Something!” was recorded by New Orleans-based rapper Cheeky Blakk and it is dedicated to Twerking. DJ Jubilee in 1997 recorded another song “Get Ready, Ready” and by this song he encouraged again the listeners to “Twerk it!”

Cultural impact

In 2000 - Twerking first received national recognition in the United States by the song “Whistle While You Twurk”, the hip hop duo Ying Yang Twins recorded it and it peaked at number 17 on the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.
2002 – Ying Yang Twins entered it in their later track “Say I Yi Yi”.
2005 – Beyoncé recorded a song and she sings through” Dip it, pop it, twerk it, stop it,”
2006 - The rapper Huey recorded the song “pop, Lock & Drop it” which it reached six places on the US Billboard Hot 100.
2006 - Justin Timberlake recorded the hit single “Sexy Black” so he through this song featuring the lyrics “Let me see what you’re Twerking with.”
2011 – The Twerking team, which are a group of female dancers called themselves Twerk Team, and they posted many videos through YouTube of themselves Twerking, and Waka Flocka Flame recorded the song Round of Applause where they mentioned during this song.
April 2012 – Juicy J recorded the single “Bandz a Make Her Dance” which it contains the lyric “Start Twerking when she hears her song”.
2012 – Fresh Montana in his single Pop that where he featured fellow rappers Drake, Rick Ross and Lil Wayne by asking the girl to twerk “what are twerkin with.”
2012- the song Express You by Nicky DA B and Diplo which it contains the lyric” Made twerking the most popular dance”.
April 2013 – the song “Express Yourself “ was released by rapper Danny Brown , and this song inspired by music producer the same name of Diplo’s song.
June 2013 – the Jamaican dancehall-inspired single Twerk it by rapper Busta Rhymes and featured by Nicki Minaj. And Minaj has been featured on several other singles like Dance with Big Sean, the song Shakin it 4 Daddy with Robin Thicke. And she was seen twerking in all of aforementioned songs videos.
August 2013 – Lil Twist released the song Twerk, and it featured Justin Bieber and Miley Cyrus.
August 2013 – the track Scholarship by Juicy J on the third album Stay trippy where he offered a reward of $ 50000 for the best twerking girl in a competition. And it named in September the Top Television Word of the year 2012-2013.
2013 – The Oxford Dictionary Online added the word twerk.


The administration of Scripps Ranch High School in San Diego suspended 33 students for using school equipment to make twerking video and uploaded it on YouTube later on school grounds.
After that in August 2013 and during the MTV video Music Awards , the artist Miley Cyrus twerked  through her song We Can’t Stop in sexually provocative performance , and then with Robin Thicke in his song Blurred Line and Give it 2 U , so she generated controversy .

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